Supporting the Peace Process in Eastern DRC: Creative Minorities change Culture!
Origin of the International Military Tribunal at NurembergBy January GodkinDuring the course of World War II multiple atrocities were committed by the German army that, whendiscovered, shocked the world. The governments of the allied forces that defeated the Nazis were divided onthe proper approach to dealing with the leaders of the army and government of Germany. A compromise wasreached in the creation of the International Military Tribunal. The United States, United Kingdom, Union ofSoviet Socialist Republics, and France decided to prosecute, in a court of law, Nazi offenders in a court to beset at Nuremberg, Germany, former center for Nazi politics. The 24 defendants were, for the most part, wellknown Nazi officials and military leaders representing the major branches of the administration. Thedefendants included prisoners held by each of the four nations. Only 21 defendants made it to the trial - twocommitted suicide and one was thought to be dead but was tried in absentia just in case he should eversurface.The Nuremberg Trials, as they would come to be known, were based on the premise of international law. TheLondon Charter, the document which created the International Military Tribunal, set out the four crimes thatdefendants would be charged with the following: Conspiracy to commit aggressive war, Crimes againstPeace, War crimes, and Crimes against humanity (such as the extermination camps). The court was madeup of representatives of each of the four countries and presided over by an elected President. Each countrytook charge of prosecuting the defendants on one of the four counts. The U.S. was in charge of presentingthe most difficult count to prove: the charge of conspiracy to commit war before the war started. The Britishtook control of the crimes against peace charge, while the French and the Soviets jointly presented theWest-East sides of the remaining two counts.The controversial trial, the first to ever mass-prosecute people who could claim to simply have followedorders, set a precedent for the use of international law to punish those who commit atrocities in the name ofnationalism. The defendants were punished with varying in sentences. Eleven defendants received the deathpenalty, eight were sentenced to long prison terms, and three were acquitted of the charges against them.The legacy of the trial is extremely important to the current attempts to establish an International CriminalCourt. The legacy of Nuremberg, however imperfect the trial and the ideals behind may have been, remainsunfulfilled. The prosecution of war crimes in an international court has been nonexistent for most of thehalf-century since the Nuremberg Trials. While the UN International Criminal Tribunals for the formerYugoslavia and Rwanda, have begun to proceed with the ideals set out at Nuremberg in their prosecution ofwar criminals, there is still much that is needed. One hundred and twenty nations have signed a treatyagreeing to the creation of an International Criminal Court. Only seven nations voted against creating apermanent International Criminal Court, among them the United States, Yemen, Qatar, Libya, Iraq and China.The establishment of the ICC is essential to creating and maintaining a defined set of rules and laws toregulate the behavior of governments and individuals around the world.
A comment to the above:German president seems to have weak memory so as not bother about his cry for military intervention of German troops in Goma as he did on november 18th 2008 21:10Bundespräsident Horst Köhler hat ein Eingreifen der westlichen Staaten verlangt. «Wenn wir es ernst meinen mit Werten, diefür uns alle stehen, müssen auch die Europäer Soldaten stellen, um diesem Morden Einhalt zu gebieten», sagte Köhler.Well Mr. President belongs to a party which claims to stick to christian values. One is: thou shallst not kill.-The conspiracy to wage war in Congo started with German troops in Kinshasa to animate Joseph Kabila to continue his bloody job in Congo. His international reputation was even warmed up by German Pope in Rome. If ICC is to be taken serious, the coming times will show several more war criminals not only with black colour from Africa as aides but also their masters. Fortunately civilization has emerged after WW 2 with this institution but mainstream politics have in context to present financial crisis, one may say the base for this, decayed into history blackout. We wait and see.L.
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